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Uhamka Engineering Student Researched Student Attention During Online Learning

Muhammad Aditya Pratama, a student of the Informatics Engineering Study Program, Faculty of Engineering, Uhamka, succeeded in publishing his research in the international scientific journal Education Quarterly Reviews in December 2021. This research tried to reveal how students pay attention while studying online.


He said that his research was motivated by the Covid-19 pandemic, which caused university learning to occur online. Most of us, he said, follow the lessons in class through portable computer monitors.


“One time, I realized, when the lecturer explained the course, frequently a notification appeared, whether it was information on the need to update software, remaining battery percentage, and so on. Coincidentally, I am currently an intern at the Uhamka Neuroscience Center and responsible for the operation of the human eye tracker. Why don't I try to analyze the students' attention when participating in online learning via the monitor screen? Alhamdulillah, after I discussed with Mr. Arry Avorizano, the supervisor and Head of the IT Study Program, Faculty of Engineering Uhamka, I decided to do it," he said.


Yayu Hizza Anisa, Director of Brain Beta Lab Indonesia, said, as a partner of Merdeka Belajar-Kampus Merdeka program, Faculty of Engineering, Uhamka, of course, it is an honor for us to be able to participate in assisting the implementation of this research. The Tobii Pro-X2 human eye-tracker used, he said, could practically analyze how a person's attention is when looking at an object.


"We can assess where the attention is with various indicators such as changes in pupil size, the frequency with which the eye sees a region of interest that we determine, the duration of time spent looking at it, and so on," said Yayu Hizza Anisa.


Meanwhile, dr. Rizki Edmi Edison as the head of the Uhamka Neuroscience Center, who is also the supervisor of this research, explained that although the appearance of notifications on the monitor screen can distract students, the effect is arguably not meaningful at all.


"Even though it can disturb attention when participating in learning, Alhamdulillah the research data shows there is no difference in results between the control and treatment groups," said Edmi.


He said it could be because the notification appears in the lower right corner, which is the last place to be seen based on the Z pattern of human eye movements. "It will be fascinating if we compare it with social media notifications such as WhatsApp that appear in the upper right corner," said the author of the corresponding article entitled The Influence of Pop Up Notification on Visual Attention and Learning.

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